Medical Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods

It is important to dispose of medical waste properly. Medical waste poses a major problem due to the possibility of contamination. Laboratory cultures and pathological wastes can contain contagious and dangerous infectious agents. Mishandling sharps, such as scissors or injections, can introduce harmful agents into your bloodstream. Continue reading?

Medical waste can be a hazardous waste. A waste can both be hazardous and medical at the same. These medical hazardous wastes contain highly toxic chemicals, such as those used in chemotherapy. They are therefore subject to regulations set out by federal law.

Here I will describe how to deal with such waste.

Incineration

Incineration is the burning of medical waste. Incinerators are classified into three types: controlled air, excessive air and rotary kiln.

Controlled-air incineration (CAI) is now the dominant technology for medical waste incinerators in hospitals and other medical facilities.

Thermal processes

Thermal processes are those that use heat energy to destroy pathogens in waste. Thermal processes are those that use thermal energy to kill pathogens. Thermal processes are further divided into three categories: low-heat (low-temperature), medium-heat (medium-temperature) and high-heat (high-temperature). The need for this further division arises from the fact that physical and chemical processes in thermal processes are affected by temperature.

The low-heat thermal process is one that uses heat energy at temperatures too low to allow chemical reactions or combustion. Low-heat technologies are generally used between 200 F and 350 F.

The chemical degradation of organic materials occurs at temperatures ranging from 350 F to 700 F. The processes that are used in these technologies are relatively new.

The temperature range for high-heat processes is generally between 540 C and 8,300 C (1000 F). The heat source for this intense heat can be electrical resistance, plasma, natural gas or induction.